Understanding the Causes of Kidney Stones


The small mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys can cause excruciating pain and discomfort. To prevent their formation and recurrence, it is crucial to understand what contributes to their development.

The primary cause of a kidney stone is an imbalance in the urine composition. Certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, can crystallize and form solid masses in the kidneys. Various factors can disrupt this delicate balance, leading to stone formation. Dehydration is a significant contributor as it reduces urine volume and concentrates the minerals, making them more likely to crystallize.

Dietary choices also play a vital role. Consuming foods high in oxalate, such as spinach, rhubarb, and chocolate, increases the risk of calcium oxalate stone formation. Additionally, a diet rich in sodium and protein can elevate the levels of calcium and uric acid in the urine, promoting stone development.

Certain medical conditions and medications can predispose individuals to kidney stones. Conditions like hyperparathyroidism, gout, and urinary tract infections can alter urine composition and promote stone formation. Medications such as diuretics and antacids containing calcium can increase the risk. A reliable kidney specialist in Columbia, South Carolina can help determine the cause of the condition and what the next steps can be.

Kidney transplantation in South Carolina can be one option. Connect with the experts at PALMETTO KIDNEY AND HYPERTENSION ASSOCIATES to learn more.

Are you looking for dialysis in South Carolina? Give us a call anytime.

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